Dwarf thuja varieties
Dwarf thuja will be an excellent solution for decorating the garden. From them you can plant a hedge. From this article you will learn about the most popular varieties of these conifers, as well as what kind of care they will need.
The benefits of dwarf thuja
Dwarf shrubs are rather ornamental plants, with their help the garden will look neat and well-groomed. Tui is the Cypress family, a type of evergreen plant, which means that even in winter they will delight with their greenery. They are often used in landscaping, in the planting of hedges.. Shrubs of this species are not picky in care, which significantly reduces the time spent on creating beauty in the garden.
Thuja are also able to purify the air: walks near the bushes in the garden will be useful for humans. Living fencing from these plants can reduce noise. Thanks to this, there will be no problems with sleep, and it will also have a positive effect on the hearing.
Below will be described the most popular varieties that are used among gardeners in landscape design. They are not demanding in care and will become an excellent green space near the house, on a personal plot or in a park.
Did you know? From ancient Greek "thuja" is translated as "incense".
This thuja has been known since 1874. This coniferous plant is spherical in shape. The crown of this shrub is quite thick. Annual growth does not exceed 6 cm. Height ranges from 50 to 80 cm. The needles change color depending on the time of the year: in spring it is a light green hue, in the summer it is green, and in the fall and winter it turns brown.
This variety is not picky about the soil, but grows best on moist, fertile loam. The first two years should be protected from direct sunlight, but the place should not be windy. The variety has high frost resistance..
Thuja was bred in Denmark in 1948. This is a spherical plant. Annual growth is 5 cm in height and 3 cm wide. It grows in partial shade and in the sun. The shoots are short, upright. From soil prefers any soil - from slightly acidic to alkaline.
A low coniferous bush of spherical shape. Grows up to 80 cm. The place for planting this variety should choose a sunny, as in the shade the plant begins to fade and lose its bright green color.
This is a fairly winter-hardy variety, but it is recommended to cover the plant with agrofiber for additional protection. Annual growth is about 7 cm.
Due to its low height, this thuja can be grown in flowerpots on the balcony or in the room
Spherical coniferous shrub. At 10 years old, grows to 1.5 m in height. The width of the crown is up to 1 m. Annual growth is not more than 10 cm.
Cones in a plant of this variety are small, brown in color. Thuja grows well in a lighted place and in partial shade. Suitable for creating hedges.
The size of this variety of thuja does not exceed 1 meter, the circumference is not more than 1.5 m. The needles are bright green in color. A shade-tolerant plant, but prefers to grow in sunny areas: in the shadow of the needles it begins to become pale. From soils, it prefers fertile loams. He does not like excessive waterlogging.
Features of landing undersized thuja
Landing undersized thuja should be performed according to the following rules:
- Groundwater should lie below 1.5 m from the root system. This will ensure normal humidity, and the roots will not be waterlogged, which can cause rotting of the root system and death of the plant.
- It is advisable to land in sheltered from strong winds - they can disrupt the crown of the plant.
- The sun. Thuja prefers to grow in well-lit places. But here one should be careful - it is advisable to plant shrubs where there is also a shadow. Such a place will provide comfortable conditions for their growth and development.
- Between these small shrubs it’s best to leave distance about 1 m.
- Planting is best done in spring, since during an autumn planting, the plant may not have time to take root before the first frost and die.
- Drainage - its layer should reach approximately 15 cm. Such a system will allow excess moisture to go away, and the roots will not be waterlogged.
- Before you buy a seedling, it should be well examined.. When buying a plant in a special nursery, be sure to pay attention to the roots - they must be in the pot and sprinkled with soil. The needles should not be yellow or dried.
Thuja, like all plants, requires at least minimal care. Courtship is as follows.
Important! If you plant a plant in the shade, then the crown will be sluggish, dull and not lush.
Watering and feeding
Watering should not be more than 1 time per week. For an adult shrub, the minimum amount of water is 10 l. In this case, you should pay attention to the weather: if the summer is dry, you need to add more water - about 15 liters.
Watering is performed under the root of the bush. It is advisable to carry out hydration early in the morning or after sunset. You can also do sprinkling: it is carried out exclusively in the evening, so that the sun does not dry the needles with water, which can lead to the appearance of yellow spots on the thuja.
Did you know? The thuja is also called the "Life Tree", as its crown does not lose its green tint all year round.
In spring, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers should be used as top dressing.. If during planting the seedling was fertilized, then the first 2 years additional feeding will not be needed.
Loosening and mulching
Loosening should be carried out after watering - this will facilitate the flow of air into the soil. Loosening is not carried out deeply, since the root system is quite close to the soil surface. It is enough to loosen about 10 cm in depth near the trunk of a bush.
Mulching can be done with foliage, branches, peat and sawdust. The mulch layer should be about 5 cm high. Such an agrotechnical measure will allow to retain moisture, and it will also be possible not to loosen the soil near the trunk.
Shelter in the winter
Shelter should be carried out with the help of spruce, you can also use agrofibre. The procedure will save thuja from severe frosts and will save its crown. You can open the plant after the snow has come off the soil and there will be no strong winds.
Important! Do not cover shrubs with polyethylene. This will prevent air from entering, and the plant will begin to rot.
Trimming and Shaping
Pruning must be done in early spring and autumn. During these periods, sanitary cutting of plants is done. Dry and yellowed branches should be removed.
Shrub formation can be carried out only a year after planting in open ground: during this period, the plant will have time to take root in a new place. You should be extremely careful and cut the branches gradually. A radical haircut can lead to the death of a thuja.
Timely and correctly implemented agrotechnical measures will contribute to the development and normal growth of shrubs. Accordingly, a thuja hedge will delight the eye with its green shade.