Features of multi-flowered tulips
There are special varieties of tulips bred by breeders, The main feature of which is multi-flowering - a whole bunch of colorful flowers grows from one bulb. On one peduncle, up to eleven buds can be formed simultaneously.
However, such multi-flowered species of the Liliaceae family are very moody and require special care. But despite all the efforts of plant growers, most cultivated varieties with numerous buds quickly degenerate and form a bouquet only in the first year of planting.
What are bush tulips
Multicolor, bush, bouquet or multi-stemmed - these names describe the peculiarity of a sufficient number of bulbous plant species to give several branches, lateral shoots and buds at the same time from the same seed bulb. Today, a description of about 30 varieties of a non-trivial tulip flower is known.
In the XI century, the tulip became the cultural symbol of the Seljuk Turks, and in the Ottoman Empire it was considered a symbol of renewal, peace and tranquility.
Characteristics of bush tulips
The following botanical characteristics are characteristic of multiflowered varieties:
- lush, full bloom in the first year after planting;
- in the second year, the plant, as a rule, forms 2-3 underdeveloped flowers and several "blind" buds;
- upright stalk, round in section;
- adnexal root processes grow from the bottom of the bulb;
- bulb scales have a heterogeneous texture;
- leaves of a lanceolate type with arched veins of green color, are located alternately, taper to the top;
- the shape of the flowers is linear, star-shaped, terry, goblet, fringed;
- petioles are absent.
The color of the buds is the most diverse - from yellow to red, some varieties combine simultaneously two colors in tinted petals.
Important! Planting material of multi-flowering varieties must be bought first parsing or the Extra class, otherwise “blind” buds or just one flower on the stem will grow.
Varieties of multi-flowering tulips
Shrub tulips are ideal for flower beds. In the total mass, the plant is medium-sized and fits remarkably into the group composition. The bushes have a dense carpet and they look spectacularly mixed with the same-flowered species of the Liliaceae family.
Buds that have grown from the apical bud are usually larger in size than the rest, and such heterogeneity always looks expressively in landscape compositions with other types of flowers.
Aquilla - a representative of terry varieties, looks like a peony. It blooms in May. The stem height reaches 50 cm. On it 4-5 flowers are tied in diameter up to 10 cm. Each of them has 20–25 petals.
Did you know? The true homeland of tulips — Persia. The plant was introduced to Holland only at the end of the 16th century.
The cup-shaped bud of Akilla has an unusual color. On yellow-sand petals, carmine lines and a fringing along the edge are clearly visible. The noble terry of the variety creates a continuous carpet with a strong spicy aroma on the flowerbed.
Winnipeg is not tall, the average parameters of the stem vary in the range of 19–25 cm. It blooms in April for about 2 weeks with bright flowers of canary color with distinct, scarlet, wide strokes on the petals.
The buds are elongated, peaked. Winnipeg is characterized by 4-8 flowers on the stem, but the colorful coloring visually creates the impression that there are many more. It prefers direct sunlight and breathable soil during the growing season.
Annelinde looks like peonies. The flowers are creamy white (chameleon), light pink, on the outer petals a green strip.Annelind's average height is 45 cm, but some reach 60 cm in height.
The flowers are densely doubled, 6–8 cm high. On average, 7 pieces are formed on the stem. Anelinda White blooms in April-May and pleases with its beauty for two to three weeks.
Variegated flowers with pink-red or orange petals, in the center of which a creamy strip is clearly pronounced. Quebec has one central peduncle above the rest, surrounded by lower shoots, which gives a special charm to this variety.
Important! For planting, it is necessary to choose loose soil, which accepts moisture well and does not form a hard crust on the surface.
On average, 3–6 elongated, pointed buds with smooth edges are formed on the stem. Some specimens can have up to 11 flowers. The flowering period is long, it begins in the first half of May. Stem height 35–40 cm.
The basic rules of growing
If you follow the simple rules of cultivation, you can get a colorful, lush floral carpet on the flowerbed, borders, etc.:
- Planting bulbs should be healthy, large and without visible external damage, diameter - 4-4.5 cm.
- Planting seed should be in a sunny, sheltered from the wind terrain.
- The site should be without hollows and pits, so that there is no stagnation of meltwater in the spring.
- Regular watering, especially at the beginning of the season.
- Three times a season feeding with special fertilizers for bulb crops.
- Change of landing every 3-6 years.
- The distance between rows of bushes during planting is 20–30 cm, the distance between bulbs is 10–15 cm.
- The average depth of planting in the soil is 10–12 cm; small bulbs are planted 5–8 cm deep.
- Before planting, the soil is dug up to 30–35 cm, loosened well, the roots and weeds of other plants are harvested, and drainage is performed.
- Fertilize with organics 2-3 weeks before the winter landing.
- After flowering, the ovaries (as quickly as possible!) Are removed from the plants. They remove only the cup of the flower, but do not touch the stem.
When purchasing tulip bulbs, carefully study the factory packaging. It is advisable that the package with planting material be labeled "MULTI". Today, multi-flowered representatives of the varietal variety of the spring plant have become one of the most popular, despite their capriciousness and exactingness in special care. A number of agricultural techniques will help to grow a beautiful flower meadow with lush, bright colors.