Decorative Christmas tree in the garden and in the country
Evergreen spruce, slender and fluffy, can rightly be called the queen of the forest. It can take its rightful place in any garden plot and become its decoration. Get to know the popular varieties of decorative Christmas trees and the rules for growing them in the garden and in the country.
Spruce belongs to coniferous plants of the Pine family. Its Latin name "pícea" comes from "pix", which translates as "resin". This plant centenarian is distributed throughout the northern hemisphere.
|Height||up to 50 m|
|Crown||pyramidal and cone-shaped with a wide base|
|Bark||gray, brown or brown, scaly, exfoliates into thin plates, thickens with age and becomes furrowed|
|Branches||drooping or open, whorled, growing perpendicular to the trunk|
|Needles||green (different shades), tetrahedral, needle-shaped, sharp, live 6 years or more|
|Bumps||elongated cylindrical shape, pointed, up to 15 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, woody or leathery, scaly, different colors|
|Root||initially pivotal, but after 15 years, the main root dies, and the remaining root system develops superficially|
|Life span||up to 300 years, sometimes live 600 years or longer|
Spruce trees like the sun, but they tolerate shade very well, and some species even prefer to grow in the shade. They withstand low temperatures and frosts well, but are afraid of strong winds that can uproot them.
Popular types and varieties
The genus Spruce consists of approximately 40 species. The most common among them is European Spruce. It grows throughout Europe and the European part of Russia.
Did you know? The oldest Christmas tree on the planet for over 9550 years. This long-liver - a representative of ordinary spruce, grows in Sweden. It is called "Old Tikko."
In addition to it, other spruce species are used for decorative purposes: prickly, or blue, Siberian, Serbian, Canadian, Eastern, Ayan and others. Based on the above species, many decorative varieties were bred: dwarf and tall, spherical, conical and weeping.
The following varieties are among the most popular decorative Christmas trees:
- Acrocon: height - 3 m, crown width at the base - 4 m, annual growth - 8 cm in height and 10 cm in width, shoots raised and arched, the color of the needles is dark green, and the young cones are bright red;
- Inverse, weeping grade of common spruce: growth - about 7 m, but the height is controlled by tying the trunk, crown width - 2 m, shoots drooping, spread along the ground;
- Nidiformis, dwarf hybrid: growth does not exceed 1 m with a diameter of 2 m, dense crown has the form of a pillow, ball or nest, grows slowly - 3-5 cm per year, needles are bright green;
- Glauka - a hybrid variety of blue spruce with a very dense cone-shaped crown with dense, rich blue and not very prickly needles, quickly gaining in growth (1.5 m per year);
- Globose - undersized form of spiny spruce, grows by 10 cm per year, does not grow above 2 m, the shape of the crown is spherical;
- Hoopsie - a variety of prickly spruce with bright silver-blue needles, grows up to 15 m;
- Nana - a dwarf variety of Serbian spruce, which has a height of 3 m and a diameter of 2 m, a crown of the correct pyramidal shape, two-color needles: on top is dark green, and below is bluish-blue;
- Konika - a hybrid variety of Canadian gray gray spruce of small stature (1.5 m) and the correct conical shape, the needles are not prickly, but soft.
Planting and Care Rules
Caring for an adult spruce is not difficult. But when planting, certain rules must be observed so that the seedlings take root in a new place.
Important! When planting, it is important to consider how the tree will be in the future. Due to surface roots, it is unstable when strong wind gusts, so it should grow at a safe distance from the house - at least 20 m (for tall varieties).
What to consider:
- landing time: early spring - before the swelling of the kidneys or late autumn, but before the onset of frost;
- a place: sunny or partial shade, tall varieties need to be planted away from home and from other plants;
- the soil: loose, fertile, with a slightly acid reaction;
- seedling should be with a lump of land, so it’s better to buy a plant in a container or dig in the forest with the ground.
In a pot
Planting a Christmas tree in a pot is quite simple. For this purpose, dwarf varieties of ordinary or blue spruce are suitable. The pot should be larger than the “native” container or a rhizome dug in the forest with a lump.
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You can buy a ready-made substrate, especially for conifers. A self-prepared mixture of universal soil and earth from the forest is also suitable. At the bottom of the landing tank, be sure to lay out a thick drainage layer.
The following conditions are very important for a room tree:
- the place should be bright, but protected from direct sunlight;
- the temperature in the room should correspond to the season: in winter no higher than + 6 ... + 10 ° С, a cool room or a glazed loggia is suitable;
- watering: frequent - in the warm season and rare - in the winter; the ground should be slightly moist;
- fertilizing with universal fertilizers.
Video: Growing spruce at home
In the open ground
Planting pit and soil need to be prepared in advance, as spruce seedlings with open roots can quickly die. To prepare a nutrient substrate, you need to mix in equal parts the dug up earth, peat, sand and humus with the addition of 100 g nitroammofoski.
Important! In the first two weeks, the seedling will need special attention, especially watering. The earth should not dry out, but remain slightly moist. In the summer heat, it is useful to spray the crown.
- Dig a hole approximately 70-100 cm deep and 70 cm wide. In a group planting between tall trees, a distance of 3 m must be maintained.
- At the bottom, pour a 20-cm layer of drainage from broken brick, crushed stone or sand;
- 1/3 fill the hole with soil mixture and pour water.
- Transfer a lump of earth with the roots of a seedling from a container into a hole. The tree should be level.
- Cover the empty space with the remaining substrate and tamp. The root neck should not be sprinkled with earth.
- Pour and mulch peat or sawdust.
Use cases in landscaping
Before choosing Christmas trees for planting in your garden, you need to really assess the possibilities. On a large plot, it is best to plant one or more tall spruce trees. They will be in perfect harmony with a two- or three-story house. For giving suitable mid-sized and dwarf varieties.
- a hedge of seedlings of the same variety, planted in one or two rows (in a checkerboard pattern) reliably isolates the site from prying eyes;
- a green corridor of the same low Christmas trees along the path leading to the porch of the house will make the entrance really front;
- a beautiful tapeworm in the center of a green lawn from a fancy-looking Christmas tree or bright contrasting color;
- group composition, in which spruce trees of different shapes and colors alternate in a row;
- mixborders in which conifers are surrounded by stunted deciduous shrubs (rhododendrons, barberry, spirea and others);
- in rokarya, stunted and creeping Christmas trees are well combined with groundcover.
Thanks to the flight of fantasy, the tree can become the queen of your garden. And the proper efforts made when growing seedlings at home will help preserve the beauty of this tree for many years.