The healing properties of blueberry shoots
Nature itself often endows plants with healing properties that a person gratefully uses for medicinal purposes. From the article you will learn about the beneficial properties of blueberry shoots and their application.
Botanical description of shoots
Blueberries are a species of a perennial plant of the Vereskov family. It is a flowering berry shrub, usually reaching a height of 15-30 cm, in cold regions - up to 5 cm.
Did you know? Blueberries were called the "star berry" by the indigenous peoples of North America because of the five-pointed shape of the star that forms at the end of the fruit.
Branched shoots, raised up, bare, grow from the buds at the base of the bush. Young annuals are greenish, older ones are gray-brown. In subsequent years, they are covered with cracked bark; in old plants, they can reach 17 mm in diameter at the base.
Blueberries bloom in the second half of May, the berries ripen from July to the end of September.
The plant is widespread in Asia, Europe and North America in areas with a temperate and arctic climate. In Russia, it is often found both in lowlands and in the subalpine zone of mountains, in the zone of coniferous (spruce) forests of the European part and Siberia, up to the tundra zone of Transbaikalia and Yakutia.
The plant is of great economic importance and is used as food and medicinal raw materials. In medicine, berries, shoots, leaves are used.
- Healing properties and biologically active substances that contribute to the healing process:
- improves night vision and protects eyes - flavonoids;
- lowers blood pressure - anthocyanins;
- protects against the development of hormone-dependent and other types of cancer - phytoestrogens;
- lowers blood glucose - the hypoglycemic effect of the glycoside neomyrtillin;
- has an astringent effect - tannins of the pyrocatechol group;
- antiseptic and antibacterial properties - phenol glycoside arbutin;
- protects cells from oxidation and aging - polyphenols (natural antioxidants);
- destroys harmful strains of bacteria in the digestive tract, i.e. prevents food poisoning.
Blueberry shoots contain essential oil, organic acids, vitamins (C, A, group P) and a rich composition of mineral components.
Macronutrients (mg / g):
- potassium K - 8.4;
- calcium Ca - 3.6;
- manganese Mg - 1.6;
- Fe iron - 0.2.
Did you know? The blue dye obtained from blueberries was used as ink in ancient times.
Trace elements (μg / g):
- magnesium Mn - 1335;
- copper Cu - 12.5;
- zinc Zn - 26.6;
- cobalt Co - 1.28;
- Molybdenum Mo - 0.64;
- chromium Cr - 0.24;
- aluminum Al - 242.4;
- barium Ba - 102.64;
- Selenium Se - 0.19;
- nickel Ni - 1.12;
- strontium Sr - 16.1;
- bromine Br - 145.2;
- lead Pb 47.68;
- boron B - 77.6;
- iodine I - 0.15.
Thus, shoots concentrates Mn, Pb, Ba, Se and can accumulate Cu, Cr.
For weight loss
Based on clinical studies, it is known that drinking blueberry tea can limit weight gain even in people on a high-fat diet, as they normalize carbohydrate and salt metabolism and have diuretic properties. An antioxidant called pterostilbene is responsible for this effect - it reduces the activity of certain enzymes involved in the accumulation of fat.
Vitamin balance and the ability to break down fats make the shoots an ideal dietary ingredient for weight loss. They will help reduce appetite, improve metabolism, control weight and cleanse the body.
In ophthalmology, decoctions and teas from blueberry shoots cannot serve as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of eye diseases. But they can improve the blood supply to the retina, and thereby reduce fatigue with increased eye strain, increase twilight visual acuity in low light, and help fight the symptoms of existing cataracts and macular degeneration (age-related macular degeneration).
- Herbal teas from shoots have a mild healing effect and are capable of:
- limit oxidative stress by normalizing the production of free radicals and the body's ability to counteract their harmful effects by neutralizing antioxidants;
- maintain cognitive and neuromotor functions of the brain and improve memory;
- prevent stroke and thrombotic events;
- lower blood pressure
- reduce cell damage and protect against aging and cancer;
- strengthen the heart muscle and prevent heart disease;
- fight urinary tract infections;
- relieve muscle tension after exercise.
Use for various diseases
Infusions from medicinal raw materials are used for prevention, general health promotion and ease the course of many diseases.
For diseases of the throat
Decoctions from blueberry shoots can reduce edema and inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract, throat and mucous membranes of the oral cavity. With SARS, they have an analgesic and expectorant effect, with pharyngitis, gingivitis and stomatitis, they are used to rinse.
Important! Self-medication and uncontrolled intake can be hazardous to health. If you experience malaise and adverse reactions, you should consult a specialist.
Along with drug treatment of diabetes, plant-based substances can be used that can reduce the manifestations of the disease and normalize carbohydrate metabolism. Leaves and shoots are known for their antidiabetic properties, due to the glycoside neomyrtillin - they reduce blood glucose (up to 30%), regulate total cholesterol. The use of plant materials allows you to reduce the number of medications for mild forms of diabetes.
Shoots are included in many herbal preparations that restore and maintain the natural balance. Their composition is carefully selected to enhance the useful properties of individual components (herbal tea "Antidiabetic" collection "Sadifit", "Arfazetin")
Gastritis is inflammation or irritation of the gastric mucosa, which is characterized by a decrease or increase in the amount of gastric juice and various levels of acidity. Blueberries are used in case of low acidity.
The tannins contained in the shoots interfere with the permeability of the intestinal mucosa, help to cope with the processes of fermentation and decay, and destroy pathogenic microorganisms. Anthocyanins bind bacterial toxins and other harmful compounds in the digestive tract, preventing their absorption. Infusion of shoots helps increase acidity and normalize the secretion of gastric juice, relieve pain, irritation and inflammation of the mucous membranes.
To maintain pancreatic health, you should drink plenty of fluids, and instead of water, you can use various herbal infusions. Blueberry shoots have a regenerative effect on damage to this organ. Due to its high glycoside content, this herb lowers blood sugar, thereby freeing the pancreas and allowing it to recover.
The anti-inflammatory properties of the shoots relieve pain and inflammation in case of illness.If decoctions are used in addition to correctly selected medicines, then the first results can be noticed very quickly after the start of treatment.
But patients should remember that not all diseases can be cured using only herbs - they support the regeneration of the pancreas, but do not cure the disease. If after three days of using herbal infusions you do not notice even a slight improvement, you should definitely consult a doctor. So you can avoid the troubles associated with pancreatitis.
Wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties of shoots can reduce the manifestations of hemorrhoids. Enemas from the decoction eliminate pain and bleeding, relieve swelling and inflammation, accelerate recovery processes, and prevent thrombosis of hemorrhoids.
Recipes and uses
Medicinal tea is made from shoots and leaves of a blueberry bush. It has a slightly grassy taste, and sometimes the drink can be seasoned with dried blueberries to give it a sweeter berry aroma and a deep purple color. Tea helps in the prevention of diseases, increases the body's resistance in winter and reduces the negative effects of spring vitamin deficiency.
You can take decoctions from blueberry shoots throughout the year, you just need to prepare raw materials for the season or purchase ready-made fees at the pharmacy. The proportions depend on the indications for use and the nature of the use (inside or out). The first option is in a water bath.
Important! Reception of broths does not affect the reaction rate, and the raw materials can be used by drivers when driving.
- dry shoots: 1 tbsp. l .;
- water: 250 ml.
- Put the shoots in a ceramic or enamel container and pour 250 ml of boiling water.
- Put the container in a water bath and warm for 15 minutes.
- Insist under the lid for 45 minutes.
- Strain, squeeze and drink warm before eating, shaking well before use.
- Such a hot infusion can be prepared in a thermos.
The second option is brewing.
- dry shoots: 50-60 g;
- water: 1 l.
- Pour the shoots with water, bring to a boil and boil over low heat for 3-5 minutes.
- Remove from heat, wrap and insist for an hour.
- Strain through a sieve, squeeze and use as ordinary tea.
- The prepared broth is stored in a cool place (+ 8 ... + 15 ° C) for no more than 2 days. Before use, it must be heated, not bringing to a boil.
For adults, the consumption rate is 100 ml 3 times a day. For children, the dose, depending on age, is reduced by 2–4 times. For external use, the concentration of the decoction should be increased by 2–3 times and used as rinses. To alleviate the symptoms of hemorrhoids, pain and inflammation of the hemorrhoidal nodes, the decoction from the shoots is used for an enema.
Important! Consumption rates and duration of treatment should be agreed with the attending physician individually.
Doctors do not recommend using decoctions from shoots for children under 3 years old, pregnant women and mothers during lactation. It is not recommended to use shoots for more than 2 weeks.
- Do not use raw materials for the following problems with the body:
- individual intolerance to biologically active substances;
- hypersensitivity to the components;
- chronic constipation;
- urolithiasis during exacerbation;
- biliary dyskinesia, problems with the excretion and passage of bile through the ducts.
Procurement and storage of raw materials
Blueberry shoots are harvested in ecologically clean areas in spring or early summer during the flowering period, trying not to damage the main plant. Cut shoots with a stem and leaves in dry weather, choosing light green and without signs of spoilage. The collected herbal raw materials are laid out in one loose layer on the litter and left in the shade in a ventilated place for 4-5 days to wither, periodically sorting and turning over.
Then the shoots can be dried in the sun or in a non-hot oven (up to + 35 ° C). Next, rub the grass with your hands, separating the leaves from coarser stems - they can be broken and crushed in a coffee grinder. Dried products are laid out in paper bags, cloth bags, boxes, boxes.
Storage conditions - in a dry, dark, ventilated room, at temperatures up to + 20 ° C. Shelf life is 2 years.
The material presented is for informational purposes only. For any use of blueberry shoots, you should consult a physician or doctor in case of illness. Remember that herbal raw materials can have both healing and negative effects if their use is not calculated correctly.