Transplanting Schisandra chinensis to a new place
Schisandra chinensis or lemon tree is a very attractive plant that can decorate any personal plot, create a hedge or a beautiful green arch. But decorative properties are not its main quality, because lemongrass berries have many medicinal properties.
You need to grow it correctly, because only in this case you can get a good harvest. And it is also necessary to transplant according to all the rules so that the tree remains healthy and develops correctly in a new place.
When can I transplant lemongrass
If you really had to transplant lemongrass, then it is better to do it in the spring, but it is possible in the fall, if you can not do without it. He may not be able to withstand the summer transplant, because the rhizome does not tolerate drought very well, and in summer the land is more prone to overdrying. In addition, the branches will be too weak at first, so they can be burnt under the scorching sun.
Did you know? Schisandra is called the “berry of five tastes”, because its fruits have a sweet peel, but sour flesh, while the seeds have a bitter and astringent taste, and the infusion eventually becomes salty.
In the spring
If you decide to transplant the plant in the spring, you need to be in time before the formation of buds. The main thing is that the tree does not have time to begin its growth. The best time is March or early April. But, of course, this period may vary depending on the climate of the area in which Chinese magnolia vine grows.
In the autumn period, you need to wait for the harvest, and only then change the place of growth of vines. This can be done in September - October. The main thing when transplanting is not to forget to follow all the rules.
How to transplant lemongrass
In order to transplant lemon tree vines, you need to be very responsible in choosing a new place, preparing the ground and building a support. In addition, it is necessary to carry out all actions according to a special technique.
How to choose a new place
So that the plant feels good in a new place, takes root without problems and grows and develops correctly, it is necessary to choose the most suitable site for it.
Such requirements are imposed on him:
- south or west side;
- good illumination, partial shade;
- protection from the effects of icy winds, harmful to lemongrass;
- the presence of a number of buildings and fences, on which you can curl, or special trellises.
Be sure to take into account the fact that the tree will grow, so it needs free space. In addition, the planting site should not have tall plants with a spreading crown, which create a shadow and do not let in the sun's rays, which are vital for Chinese magnolia vine.
Since lemongrass tolerates the transplant very poorly, the soil must be prepared in advance so that a new place is as comfortable as possible for it. About a month before the planned work, you need to dig the soil.
AND it is advisable to mix it with the soil, which is located in the place where the plant is transplantedto provide him with the most comfortable conditions. It will also not be superfluous to add 50 g of nitrogen fertilizers, 150 g of phosphate and 500 g of lime per square meter, as well as about 70 kg of rotted manure and at least 4 buckets of sand.
Important! Lianas are usually of mixed type, but sometimes only “female” or only “male” are found, which must be taken into account when planting them.
The support is very important for lemongrass, because if it does not exist, it will grow a small shrub, and its berries will be small and not so tasty.Only with the support will the lianas be able to reach the optimum height, and their fruits will be perfectly absorbed by sunlight and will be much larger.
If there is no wall, fence or arch nearby, you must take care of the construction of special trellises. They need to be installed in the same year in which you transplant the plant. To build a supporting structure, it is necessary to take columns at least 3 m in height and bury them in the ground to a depth of 50 cm. The distance between the columns should also be at least 3 meters.
Important! In spring frosts from -4 ° C, lemongrass crop may disappear, therefore, if a temperature drop is expected, lianas must be covered for the night.
The poles are pulled in three rows of wire. The first row should be at a distance of 50 cm from the ground, and the next two at a distance of 70 cm from each other. Shoots tied up in the summer. First, to the lower wire, and then, after a few years, to the upper.
Young branches need to be arranged in the form of a fan so that the access of sunlight to each of them is not limited. In winter, the plant is not removed from the trellis. During transplantation, if the branches of lemongrass are already large enough, they must be carefully removed from the wire and tied to a new one.
Supports for three bushes of lemongrass: 1 - steel pipe; 2 - bars; 3 - bolt M10
Transplanting Schisandra chinensis is carried out in the following sequence:
- Before planting, dig a hole of such a size that it easily fits a rhizome with a piece of soil, as well as a mixture of soil, humus and compost in equal proportions.
- Fill the hole in advance with a portion of the prepared mixture, which is distributed so that the tree can enter the pit without much effort.
- Carefully dig out a plant with a sufficiently large layer of soil that would completely be able to protect the roots from drying out and damage.
- Untie the escapes from the trellis very carefully so that they do not break.
- Move the tree to a new location and place it in the hole.
- Sprinkle with the rest of the mixture. Take the ground carefully.
- Make a small mound from the ground around the hole so that water does not flow out and water the plant abundantly.
- Mulch with humus or compost for better moisture retention.
- Tie the shoots on pre-made trellises.
Further care for lemongrass after transplantation
In order for the lemongrass to settle in a new place as soon as possible, it must be regularly watered, pouring about three buckets of water twice a week under each plant immediately after transplantation and on dry summer days. And it would be even better to organize sprinkler irrigation for him. Shoots and foliage also like moisture, so it is recommended to spray them on too hot months.
Did you know? In ancient China, lemongrass berries were on the list of taxes to the emperor.
For better development, dressings are welcome. In the summer, these are liquid organic fertilizers (a solution of mullein or chicken droppings) every month. In autumn, after leaf fall - 100 g of wood ash and 20 g of superphosphate.
And, of course, you must not forget to weed the soil around the vines from weeds, as well as remove diseased and dry branches. In order for lemongrass to bear fruit well, it is necessary to prevent its thickening and cut off part of the young shoots in autumn, as well as remove all root shoots. Also, the first time after a transplant, it is recommended to take care of the shelter of the branches from the sun.
Video: how to grow lemongrass
Schisandra chinensis is not a very fastidious plant. But there is one thing that he endures with difficulty - is a transfer to a new place. Therefore, you need to think very carefully before deciding on a site for its landing, so that it can grow there constantly. But if it so happened that the place of growth has to be changed, this must be done according to all the rules.