Useful properties of sea buckthorn tea
Sea buckthorn, as you know, has many healing properties, while One of the easiest ways to use them for your health is to make sea buckthorn tea. Of course, in order for such a drink not only to bring pleasure, but really, to be considered as a medicine, many important requirements must be observed.
Below we will talk about what parts of the plant can be used for tea, how to choose and procure medicinal raw materials, from which it is intended to help the drug, by which technology it should be brewed, and also with the help of which additional components and tricks can be changed and improve the beneficial effect of tea from sea buckthorn on the human body.
What is useful sea buckthorn tea
To determine the whole range of useful properties that a product can have, including a medicinal plant, you should first turn to its chemical composition.
In sea buckthorn, in particular, scientists found:
- very high content of provitamin A, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), tocopherol (vitamin E), phylloquinone (vitamin K), as well as a number of water-soluble vitamins (group B) - thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinamide, pyridoxine, folic acid, biotin, etc. .;
- natural sugars, represented mainly by glucose and fructose, which are considered more useful than sucrose and are a source of "fast" energy;
- A large list of minerals important to health. The first place in their content is occupied by potassium, in addition to it there are calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, silicon, selenium, manganese, boron, zinc, iron, etc .;
- fatty acids, including monounsaturated, as well as polyunsaturated Omega-6 and especially valuable Omega-3;
- organic acids - mainly malic and tartaric;
- tannins, pectins, flavonoids (including quercetin, which gives the fruit a characteristic yellow color), phytosterols, alkaloids, essential oils;
- natural antibiotics.
All of these components, due to their interaction and good balance, provide unique healing properties of sea buckthorn and, accordingly, tea made from it.
- In particular, the aromatic drink contributes to:
- strengthening immunity, mobilizing the body’s defense system to combat “enemies” both external (viruses, bacteria, pathogenic fungi, various parasites) and internal (inflammation, neoplasms, etc.);
- healing wounds, strengthening hair and nails, improving their structure (it is even believed that regular use of sea buckthorn slows down the processes of male pattern baldness);
- filling the deficiency in vitamins, which is especially important in the cold season;
- preventing the development of bacterial infections, and when the disease sets in, its course is easier and faster (thanks to phytoncide components that kill microbes);
- lowering blood pressure (for cleansing and vasodilatation in the fruits of sea buckthorn, oleic acid “responds”, thanks to it, blood flow improves, heart function normalizes);
- blood thinning, preventing blood clots;
- removing bad cholesterol from the body, accelerating metabolic processes;
- improving the functioning of the central nervous system, getting rid of depression, insomnia, chronic fatigue, increasing stamina, concentration of attention, etc. (due to this property, sea buckthorn is often called a natural biostimulant);
- normalization of the liver (recommended for patients who have had hepatitis);
- dissolution and removal of stones from the gallbladder and kidneys (mild diuretic effect);
- increasing visual acuity, prevention of cataracts and twilight vision disorders, removing redness of the eyes and swelling around them, relaxing the retina, strengthening eye vessels, treating conjunctivitis (this effect provides a high content of vitamin A, and, according to some ophthalmologists, sea buckthorn is even more useful, than blueberries);
- restoration of cartilage, improvement in gout, arthritis and other diseases of a similar nature.
Sea buckthorn is useful to everyone, regardless of gender and age. However, a few words are worth saying about why women from this plant should definitely drink tea. The fact is that the antioxidant properties of the drink contribute to the regeneration of cells, including epidermal ones.
As a result, with regular use of sea buckthorn tea, the skin becomes toned, supple and smooth, premature wrinkles and puffiness disappear.
Teenage girls suffering from acne, acne and other problems of adulthood should pay special attention to this drink, since it is able to significantly improve the situation or even completely solve an unpleasant problem without additional medications and cosmetic procedures.
Sea buckthorn is also indicated for menopause. At this stage, it is critical for a woman to receive a sufficient amount of vitamins (especially C and E), as well as minerals, in particular magnesium. And the fight against depression and mood swings that often accompany a woman’s life during menopause is a bonus that can hardly be overestimated.
Important! The calorie content of tea with sea buckthorn is only 23 kcal per 100 ml (for comparison: in sweet coffee with cream, calories are 2-3 times more).
Finally, sea buckthorn tea, if you do not add sugar, honey, milk and other high-calorie ingredients to it, is an excellent way to maintain the body while you are on a diet.
Due to the fact that sea buckthorn accelerates the metabolism in the body, food is absorbed faster, processed products are better excreted, and fats are broken down. In addition, the invigorating properties of the plant provide another important effect - the desire to actively move.
It is known that no diet provides weight loss, especially in the long term, if you do not combine it with physical activity, exercise, or at least regular and long walks in the fresh air.
In order to enhance the “fat-burning” effect of sea buckthorn, nutritionists recommend making tea from it with the addition of cinnamon, ginger or freshly squeezed pineapple juice or grapefruit.
The bulk of the valuable nutrients of sea buckthorn are concentrated in the fruit, but the leaves, shoots and even the bark of this plant are also very useful. For example, it is in the leaves and bark that the alkaloid hippofaine is contained. This substance is a herbal analogue of serotonin, which is often called the hormone of happiness, mood and behavior.
Did you know? The main "raw material" for the production of serotonin is the essential amino acid tryptophan. However, today, Russian scientists from the Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry have invented a method of manufacturing this hormone important for the body in tablets, and the sea buckthorn wood is the raw material for this.
Serotonin protects a person from depression, maintains his good mood and keeps him from emotional breakdowns. If this hormone in the body is enough, the brain function improves, mental processes accelerate, the concentration of attention increases, and memory processes are facilitated. Symptoms of a lack of serotonin, respectively, are depression, lethargy, mood swings.
Another important component that sea buckthorn leaves are rich in is hyporamine. In fact, we are not talking about a separate nutrient, but about a very special complex of polyphenols, which, as it turned out, shows a pronounced antiviral activity.On the basis of the extract of sea buckthorn leaf, pharmacological preparations are even prepared that are sold in pharmacies as a medicine for viral diseases: SARS, influenza, herpes simplex (including genital), etc.
Moreover, “Hyporamine” as a drug created on the basis of plant materials is considered almost the only antiviral agent with proven effectiveness, for the use of which pregnancy and breastfeeding are not a contraindication.
And yet, the traditional raw materials for making sea buckthorn tea are not leaves and bark, but berries. It is such a drink that is most often used as a cold, tonic, fat burning, restorative, immunomodulating agent, youth elixir and a source of good mood.
Regular intake of tea from sea buckthorn berries improves the digestive system, stimulates intestinal motility, normalizes metabolic processes, prevents the development of cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes (non-insulin-dependent), stimulates collagen production, heals wounds, improves blood circulation to the brain, relieves headaches and dizziness, minimizes discomfort during menopause, helps to combat the symptoms of alcohol intoxication.
In a word, it provides all of the beneficial properties of the plant that were listed above.
Harvesting raw materials for tea
The fruits of sea buckthorn usually bloom in late summer - early fall, but berries must be fully ripened for the preparation of medicinal raw materials, at the same time preventing their decay or shedding on the ground. Therefore, traditionally they begin to harvest in October, when the fetus acquires a bright orange color, but at the same time remains elastic.
Since sea buckthorn berries are quite small, it is difficult to remove each specimen from the bush, and usually the raw materials are collected in a handful, carefully grabbing the shoot with your hand and "sniffing" it from top to bottom.
Important! According to the lunar calendar, all medicinal plants, in which the aerial part is valuable, must be collected in the full moon, and the roots, on the contrary, on the new moon. This rule has a completely scientific justification and is explained by the direction of the movement of vital juices in the tissues of all organisms: this vector is directed from the bottom up to the growing Moon, from the top to the waning.
There is another way to collect sea buckthorn. It is less common, but also has a right to exist. It is necessary to wait for the first real frosts so that the fruits become solid. Then agrofibre or other suitable material should be laid around the bush and just shake the frozen berries on it.
In this state, they are very easily separated from the stem. Raw materials can only be stored in the freezer, while the maximum shelf life of frozen sea buckthorn is 6 months.
As for the shoots and leaves, they must be harvested at the very beginning of sap flow - in early March and mid-May, respectively. It is at this time that the raw material will contain the maximum amount of nutrients.
Freshly picked leaves, branches and fruits (if they did not have time to freeze) must be carefully sorted, dried in a shaded place, laid out on paper, linen bags or glass jars and stored away from sunlight and moisture until the next season (one year).
Sea buckthorn tea recipes
There are a great many recipes for sea buckthorn tea. The technology of their preparation, as a rule, is standard, only additives change basically. Below are the best options for a drink from classic to exotic, as they say, for all occasions.
The classic recipe for sea buckthorn tea involves the addition of healing berries to the usual brewing of fermented tea leaves.
To make a drink take:
- black tea: 3 tbsp. l .;
- fruits of sea buckthorn (fresh, dried or frozen): 150 g;
- honey: 2 tbsp. l .;
- water: 0.5 l.
To extract from the fruits of sea buckthorn all the useful substances, they need to be properly prepared. First, the berries are washed thoroughly, then knead in a mortar, pour the resulting mashed potatoes into a glass bowl, pour hot water (1/4 of the amount provided in the recipe), cover and leave to infuse for about 10 minutes.
Boiling and, especially, boiling sea-buckthorn should not be allowed, because in this case, ascorbic acid, which is very much in berries, is almost completely decomposed.
While the mashed potatoes are infused, ordinary leafy black tea is brewed in the teapot, the drink is poured into cups, after which they are placed in 2-3 teaspoons each. sea buckthorn puree. Then the contents of the cup remain well mixed and immediately proceed to tea drinking. Honey is used as a sweetener, but it is better to bite it, otherwise it loses its useful properties.
Ginger is an Asian spice that is often used as an additive to tea. With it, the drink acquires a pleasant sharpness and incredibly rich aroma. In addition, ginger has a huge number of healing properties, among which, perhaps the most important is its ability to kill cancer cells.
Sea buckthorn tea with ginger is prepared using the same technology as the classic, but in this case, instead of black leaves, it is better to take green (non-fermented).
Important! Unlike most medicinal plants, which simply inhibit the processes of atypical transformations in the tissues, the “horned root" is a real cure for cancer, and the effect of it in some cases is even higher than that of chemotherapy.
For the above proportions of sea buckthorn and tea leaves, it is enough to take 2-3 tbsp. grated root of ginger (before rubbing it can not be peeled, but just washed thoroughly), although the dosage can be adjusted depending on taste preferences.
The grated ginger is mixed with sea buckthorn puree and then insisted in the same way as described in the first recipe. If desired, you can add a stick of cinnamon and 1-2 star anise stars to the pulp.
By adding lemon, an increase in the content of ascorbic acid in the drink is provided. To prepare a drink, fresh lemon (1 pc.) Must be washed under running water, cut into two halves and squeeze the juice thoroughly. The remaining pulp together with the zest should be chopped as finely as possible, mixed with the prepared sea buckthorn mashed potatoes and only after that pour a small amount of hot water.
Arrange the lemon-sea-buckthorn mixture in cups, pour the brewed and pre-strained black tea, allow the drink to cool slightly, and then add the prepared lemon juice to each cup.
This technology allows you to save in tea all the benefits of sea buckthorn and lemon.
Those who do not like to eat citrus peels can be advised to filter the cake from the sea-buckthorn-lemon mixture, although in this case the final product will significantly lose its healing power.
With ivan tea
Sea buckthorn is very well combined with willow-tea leaves (narrow-leaved fireweed), therefore this combination has long been very popular both in Russia and beyond. Traditionally, Ivan tea is brewed not with fruits, but with sea buckthorn leaves. The optimal proportion is 1 hour mixture of two types of crushed leaves per cup. However, if you replace the buckthorn leaf with a berry in the recipe, it will turn out no less tasty.
Did you know? British aristocrats and even members of the royal family valued the decoction of fireweed higher than the best varieties of Indian and Chinese green tea. In the English Encyclopedia, published in the eighteenth century, this drink was mentioned under the name "Russian" or "Koporsky" tea.
- Pour boiling water over the teapot.
- Put the prepared raw materials in the container: Ivan-tea and sea-buckthorn (when using the fruits, they must first be mashed).
- Pour the "tea leaves" with hot, but not boiling water, cover and let it brew for 15 to 30 minutes, then pour into cups.
- The thickening remaining in the teapot can be re-filled with water 1-2 times.
Unlike a drink made from tea leaves, sea buckthorn tea with fireweed does not lose its beneficial properties if it is brewed for too long, such a drug can be drunk during the day after preparation, both hot and cold.
Cranberries, like sea buckthorn, are very rich in vitamin C, it is this component that provides a pronounced sour taste of berries. When using cranberries to make tea to balance the taste, it is advisable to add a sweetener to the drink. You can use sugar for this purpose, but it is much more useful to give preference to sweet fruits, for example, an orange or an apple.
It is enough to cut such ingredients into large slices and put directly into the cup with the finished drink. Tea with cranberries and sea-buckthorn is prepared according to the classic recipe, but a given number of berries (150 g per 0.5 l of water) is taken as a mixture of two types, and the proportions can be absolutely any.
You can make cranberry-sea buckthorn drink without using a tea leaf. In this case, the berry puree is immediately placed in the teapot, the cinnamon stick is added for flavor, poured with water heated to + 85 ° C, covered and insisted for 10 minutes. Then, without filtering, pour into cups.
Recipe with black tea and cinnamon:
With wild rose
Another way to enrich sea buckthorn tea with ascorbic acid is to make a drink based on rosehip. Wild rose berries themselves, when brewed, give a rich color and aroma, so there is no need to add tea leaves to them.
Dried rosehips (10-15 pcs.) Must be carefully chopped, pour into a teapot or thermos, pour hot water, cover and let it brew for about 10 minutes. Simultaneously steam mashed buckthorn berries, as described in the classic recipe. Arrange the sea-buckthorn in cups, pour the broth of wild rose, drink, if desired, in a bite with honey.
To make mint tea with sea buckthorn you will need:
- fresh or frozen sea-buckthorn fruits: 3 tbsp. l .;
- fresh mint: 5-6 branches;
- lemon: 1 pc.;
- honey: 1 tbsp. l .;
- black tea: 1 hour with a slide;
- water: 500 ml.
- Separate mint leaves from stems.
- Wash lemon, cut into slices.
- Place mint and lemon in a teapot, add black tea leaf.
- Pour hot water into the kettle, cover, leave for 8-10 minutes.
- Rinse sea buckthorn, crush in a mortar.
- Mix mashed potatoes with honey.
- Put the buckthorn-honey mixture in the cups, pour in the infused tea and drink immediately.
Sea buckthorn tea will acquire a completely new taste if you add fresh berries, such as raspberries. But here it is important to remember that the bitter notes present in black tea do not combine well with the tenderness of raspberries, so it is better to prepare such a drink with green or white varieties or use the leaves of fruit trees: the same raspberries or currants.
Sea buckthorn tea with raspberries is prepared in the same way as classic, but fresh berries are not steamed, they are mashed and added directly to the cup before pouring tea into it.
Important! To add to tea, you need to cut off only young leaves of sea buckthorn, and you need to do this in the spring, before the plant has blossomed. Only in this case, the raw material has medicinal properties, a bright taste and aroma.
Despite the fact that mint and lemon balm are very similar both in appearance and in smell, in reality they are completely different plants, although one and the other can be reliably attributed to medicinal herbs. Sea buckthorn tea with lemon balm can be prepared as well as mint, but there are other recipes, including without using a tea leaf.
Here is the simplest one:
- Put a few twigs of freshly cut lemon balm (leaves together with the stem) in a teapot, previously scalded with boiling water.
- Pour melissa with hot water, cover, wrap with a towel and leave for 10-15 minutes.
- Cook and steam the sea-buckthorn puree according to the technology described in the classic recipe.
- Arrange sea buckthorn in cups, pour in a lemon balm decoction.
- Drink the drink hot, if desired, having a bite of honey.
With other fruits and plants
In the preparation of sea buckthorn tea, other ingredients can be added to the drink both to enhance the taste or aroma, and to enrich the drug with additional beneficial substances.
Did you know? The Latin name for sea buckthorn - Hippophae - has ancient Greek roots and literally translates as “shiny horse”. Scientists suggest that in antiquity the horses were given the leaves of this fruit shrub for food, as a result of which their hair acquired a healthy appearance and beautiful luster.
Among these "improvers", in particular, use:
- different types of citrus - orange, grapefruit, pineapple, lime, kumquat, etc .;
- spices - cloves, cardamom, black or red pepper, anise, thyme, tarragon, lavender, meadowsweet, etc .;
- dried and fresh berries - gooseberries, currants, raspberries, strawberries, mountain ash, viburnum, goji, cornel, honeysuckle, barberry;
- the flowers (petals, buds) - jasmine, hibiscus, calendula, marigold, elderberry, rose;
- dried fruits - dried apricots, raisins, prunes;
- medicinal herbs - chamomile, oregano, St. John's wort, verbena;
- leaves or branches of fruit trees and shrubs - cherries, currants, pears, apple trees.
- It is necessary to exclude the use of sea buckthorn tea for the period of exacerbation of the disease:
- with ulcers, gastritis, pancreatitis, other pathologies of the digestive system, especially against the background of increased acidity;
- food poisoning accompanied by an upset stomach;
- urolithiasis and cholelithiasis.
Exotic lovers can experiment by saturating the drink with more unusual notes of chili pepper or dried garlic (go well with ginger). There are no serious restrictions when choosing components for tea with sea buckthorn. It is only important that the taste and aroma of the additives used combine well and evoke pleasant emotions during the tea party.
Sea buckthorn leaf tea
As a raw material for the preparation of tea, as already mentioned, you can use sea buckthorn leaves both in combination with fruits, and separately from them. The classic recipe for tea from sea buckthorn leaves involves the use of 1 tbsp. dried and crushed raw materials in a glass of water.
You need to brew a drink in the same way as regular tea, but it is better to increase the brewing time to 10-15 minutes. To enhance the taste in the drug, you can add various additional components, including any of the above (lemon, ginger, mint, raspberries, cranberries, etc.).
Sea buckthorn tea
In addition to leaves and fruits, brew and drink as a medicine or just for fun, you can also shoot or bark of sea buckthorn. This use of the plant is less common, and yet the wood of the plant, as already mentioned, is a natural source of serotonin.
One of the best recipes for preparing a healthy drink involves combining in equal parts of the leaves, berries and bark of the plant. All ingredients need to be crushed, filled in a thermos, filled with water at the rate of 3 hours of the mixture per 500 ml of liquid, closed, insisted for 2 hours, then filtered, poured into cups and drunk, eating honey.
For those who find the taste of such an infusion too “boring”, one can advise enriching it with any additives traditional for herbal teas at their discretion.
Contraindications and possible harm
A direct contraindication to the use of sea buckthorn and dishes or drinks prepared from it is individual intolerance. In this case, the harm from the medicinal plant may be more than good.
Important! Sea buckthorn refers to allergenic products along with peach, pomegranate, orange and other plants whose fruits are painted in bright (red, yellow, orange) colors.
Sea buckthorn tea is one of the few products in which the healing properties are combined with excellent taste. Almost all the aboveground parts of the plant are suitable for the preparation of the drug, while the process takes only a few minutes. And due to the addition of additional ingredients, the list of which is limited only by the hostess’s imagination, the drink can always turn out to be new, bright and unforgettable.