Planting, care and use of hydrangea Vanilla Frize
The variety Hydrangea paniculata Vanille Fraise, stunning with an abundance of flowering, not without reason immediately won the hearts of gardeners. Many want to buy Vanilla Frize perennial to decorate their site. The article is dedicated to this plant. The material contains information about the description of this hydrangea, its use in landscape design, as well as about the rules for planting this shrub and about caring for it.
History and description of the variety
Panicle hydrangea Vanille Fraise was bred in the French nursery by its president and became a prize winner in exhibitions in Holland and France. The advantages of the variety are a unique transition in the shade of the largest inflorescences from white to pink, in the duration and abundance of flowering.
Description of the culture:
|Annual growth||up to 25 cm|
|Inflorescence shape||broad pyramidal racemose, consisting of many small flowers|
|Hue||white flowers at first, then pink below, darkening until raspberry autumn|
|Flowering time||July – September (October)|
|Leaves||dense ovoid, slightly pubescent, dark green|
|Shoots||straight, brown, bending under the weight of the hands|
Huge brushes of inflorescences are very popular in landscape design. Hydrangea flowers that change over time are unique and are therefore used everywhere. The use of this variety in landscaping and space decoration is wide and varied.
As a hedge, of course, the culture is ideal due to the height of the shoots, the density of the bush and the size of the flowers. In this version of planting, they are perfectly combined with plants planted with the lower layer - low-growing green species, against which Vanilla Frize seems to be the queen of the garden.
On the stem
The punched form looks incredible. Hydrangea looks like a tree-bouquet, which can lead a garden plot, city flower bed and other space. The height of such a plant is not less than 2 m with a width of the stem size of 120 cm and a bush width of 1.5 m. A single planting of Vanilla or part of a group can serve as a pearl of the park.
Solitaire and group landings
The culture is undoubtedly remarkable. Advantages and beauty rightfully make the plant an impeccable version of the tapeworm in your garden. Stamp type or shrub type - any kind will suit as the main note in landscape design.
Hydrangea can be combined with coniferous shrubs and trees that rise above it and set off the elegance and variability of inflorescences, or with bluish, tender green plants acting as a frame for Vanilla Frize.
Did you know? For the cultivation of hydrangea varieties, Vanilla Frize, Jean Reno and his colleagues spent 11 years of work.
What can I plant
- The variety goes well with such crops:
- phlox and highlander in a group landing;
- coniferous plants and birches;
- creeping herbs;
- hosts in the bottom row (this view is varied by foliage).
When planting, it is important to consider the main features and requirements for the conditions of this type of hydrangea:
- living in sunny or shaded areas;
- medium moisture requirements;
- growth in loose and fertile soil, both acidic (5 pH) and neutral;
- good frost resistance;
- intolerance to drafts and winds.
Important! The higher the acidity of the soil, the brighter the color of Vanilla Frize inflorescences.
Seat and Seedling Selection
A place for planting Vanilla will need a sunny, but better without an abundance of direct rays. A little shading would be the best option.You can not plant a crop close to plants whose roots consume a lot of moisture. The planting process is carried out in the spring, as soon as the soil warms up.
Hydrangea is recommended to choose in special nurseries, while carefully look at the seedling. It should be 30 cm in size and look good - without rot and damage. Immediately before planting, the hydrangea roots are important to trim and hold for 2 hours in a growth-promoting composition.
The optimal composition of the soil will be:
- 2 parts of turf land;
- 2 parts of peat;
- one part of sand and compost.
In the prepared mixture you need to add:
- 50 g of superphosphate;
- 30 g of potassium sulfate;
- You can mix the pine needles.
Did you know? There is a belief that during the birth of the Buddha, hydrangea flowers fell from the sky.
The landing instruction is as follows:
- You should dig a hole 30 cm deep and the same in width.
- Observe the distance between the shrubs of the variety at least 1 m.
- Take prepared soil.
- Add an oxidizing mixture to it (see above).
- Pour the soil into the excavated recess and withstand a couple of weeks so that it settles.
- Planted seedlings prepared in advance, spreading the roots.
- To fill up with soil.
- Next, spill well with soft water.
It is useful to perform shading for young hydrangeas during the hot season. Water the crop should be regular.
The main task of caring for panicle hydrangea is to achieve high-quality flowering. This is carried out by irrigation and top dressing. But pruning is also important - it creates the shape of a bush. This variety can be affected by some diseases and pests, therefore, appropriate preventive measures are necessary.
Watering and feeding
A water-hungry crop needs to be watered every week. It is important to prevent the soil from drying out under hydrangea. On one bush of Vanilla, you need to make about 10 liters of water. In dry summer weather, you need to irrigate the plant more often - up to 3 times a week.
Important! Use well-maintained warm water when irrigating the variety.
The introduction of organic matter and mineral fertilizers and their alternation favorably affects the development of culture.
The method of feeding hydrangea is as follows:
- first, funds are paid in the spring when the kidneys swell (mullein and water - 1:15);
- then - as soon as the buds appear (ammonium nitrate, potassium salt and superphosphate - 30 g of each product diluted in water);
- further - with active flowering (the previous paragraph is repeated);
- the last feeding is carried out during preparation for wintering, that is, in the fall (potassium sulfate and superphosphate 30 g each, which are mixed and diluted in water for irrigation).
With this top dressing, Vanilla Frize will bloom and develop perfectly.
To shape the shrubs of panicled hydrangea, pruning is performed before the sap flow begins. All damaged and dried shoots are removed. Correctly shorten the branches by a certain number of buds - about seven. Stems are recommended to leave about 10 pieces.
It is also customary to perform rejuvenation of Vanilla Frize. To do this, cut all shoots to a size of 15 cm each. In the summer, when the culture is actively flowering, it is worth removing dry and withered inflorescences. In this case, new buds are better formed on the shrub.
Loosening and weeding
To carry out irrigation correctly, it is necessary to loosen and spud the earth around the shrub, and it is also useful to mulch the soil. Care must be taken that the roots are not exposed. Weeding the weed is important, but proper mulching will not only help maintain moisture, but also fight weeds.
On the territory of central Russia and to the south of Vanilla Frize, it is not necessary to shelter for the winter. But if there was a time of little snow, it is necessary to protect the plant with mulch in the form of peat or humus. The height of the layer should be from 20 to 30 cm.And young hydrangea should be covered with burlap or other convenient material before wintering. The application of snow mass also insulates the culture.
Disease and Pest Prevention
Fungi, powdery mildew and rot are fairly common types of damage to this variety. The last two can overcome shrubs under conditions of high humidity and low air temperature. The use of fungicidal agents such as Fundazole or, for example, Topaz in late autumn is an excellent prevention of diseases.
Important! For those who love undersized crops, it will be important to know: in 2019, a dwarf form of the described variety appeared - panicle hydrangea Little Frize.
To avoid chlorosis, in which the leaves turn yellow, curl up and fall off, Vanilla Frize needs to be additionally fertilized with iron preparations. Chlorosis occurs due to a lack of nutrients.
Pests of culture are:
Spraying with insecticides (for example, “Akarin”) is carried out to control insects, and the use of alternative methods will serve as a preventive measure: irrigation with infusions on the husks of onions or garlic. Such irrigation can be carried out at any time during the growth and development of hydrangea.
Varieties of panicled hydrangea reproduce vegetatively. Cuttings are a great way, the method of spreading by layering is more difficult, and the division of the bush is carried out during transplantation.
For this option, you must perform the following steps:
- Carry out spring pruning and select the resulting shoots with three buds.
- Identify a shaded rooting site.
- Dig a trench.
- Fertilize the soil with a root-forming preparation.
- Add 2 parts of peat and a part of sand to the soil.
- Plant cuttings in trenches and cover with foil.
A month later, rooting occurs. Then you can remove the polyethylene and plant hydrangea in the right place.
Cuttings of hydrangeas
Vanilla Frize is propagated by layering in this way:
- It is important to choose a strong bottom shoot.
- It should be bent to the ground.
- Then dig to a depth of 10 cm.
- Secure with a hook.
- Water regularly.
After 30 days, rooting should be normal. Now you can cut off using the pruner secateurs and land in the desired location.
Dividing the bush
Five-year shrubs can already be propagated by division. Hydrangea should be dug in the spring and divided into parts, carefully separating the root system. Divided by spring plants for the winter will require shelter with spruce branches.
In late winter or early spring, the process of growing hydrangea seedlings begins. It is necessary to prepare the soil: arrange drainage at the bottom of the container, acquire soil for flowering plant species, fill the tank with it and shed well.
Important! The temperature for seed germination should not be lower than + 22 ° C, and at night seedlings require artificial lighting.
Then you should lay the seeds on top and sprinkle them with light soil, and then moisten it by spraying water. Cover the container with perforated polyethylene and place in a lit and warm place.
Picking is performed when 3 leaves appear - each sprout needs its own capacity. Over time, it is very useful to harden seedlings by moving it to fresh air daily. Unfortunately, varietal characteristics of seedlings may be lost, and flowering will begin only after 2-3 years.
Features of a bush transplant
The optimal transplant time is autumn.
But for carrying out transplantation, you must adhere to the following instructions:
- In spring, you need to make a ditch around the bush 30 cm in depth and width.
- Compost it, constantly water it.
- Panicled hydrangea in this ditch will start to take root, accordingly, it will be easier to transplant it.
- In autumn, a shrub is dug around the resulting ditch.
- Then hydrangea is removed from the earth.
- It is important to monitor the integrity of precisely the new roots.
- Next, the resulting planting material is planted in a prepared place. Pruning done in advance will help the plant to take root.
Video: Hydrangea transplant to a new place in autumn
Why does not bloom
There are several reasons why Vanilla Frize may not bloom:
- Excessive lighting. The optimal time for which the sun shines on the bush is 2-3 hours in the afternoon.
- The soil is excessively acidified. Acidity should not exceed 5 pH.
- Alkaline soil. Hydrangea cannot develop well in such a land.
- Incorrect trimming.
- Freezing bush.
Important! Hydrangea is very useful whey: bacteria enter the soil and make it acidic and nutritious, which is useful to the roots of the plant.
The extraordinarily beautiful hydrangea earned awards at exhibitions in Europe for good reason. This culture is very much appreciated in other regions. Gardeners dream to decorate the space with this culture. If you purchased seedlings of this variety, you are very lucky. Use the information in the article and follow the rules for growing perennials. In this case, a charming flowering shrub will grow on your site for a long time, which is famous for the size and uniqueness of inflorescences.