When and how to plant jasmine
Gardening of a summer cottage is a favorite pastime for both a beginner and a more experienced gardener. Ornamental shrubs are great for these purposes. Jasmine is able to ennoble any landscape, and the indescribable aroma of snow-white flowers will create a favorable aura. However, before buying cuttings or seeds, you need to figure out how to plant a shrub correctly, and take into account the peculiarities of caring for it.
When can I plant jasmine shrubs (spring or autumn)
Homemade jasmine belongs to unpretentious shrubs, which feel great in various conditions, because it has a hardened root system. Based on this, planting can be carried out both in spring (in the middle - the end of May), and in autumn - in the beginning - mid-September (depending on the region). However, experienced gardeners recommend that beginners in planting this crop prefer planting in the spring, as rooting in the warm season is still faster.
Important! Jasmine (true) is often confused with marmoset. Despite the external similarities, these plants belong to different families of shrubs.
How to plant jasmine shrubs in open ground
Jasmine is incredibly popular. Largely due to the fact that the process of flowering is accompanied by an incredible aroma, and white flowers fit perfectly into any landscape design. However, in order to get a strong healthy bush, you must follow all the necessary rules for planting a plant: both at home and in open ground.
How to choose a place to land
The undeniable plus of jasmine is it can be planted in absolutely any sector of a personal plot. The bush will take root perfectly both on the south and on the north side, both in the shade and in the sun. It is worth remembering that this culture is very fond of bumblebees and bees, so it is better to plant it away from arbors, hammocks and places of rest.
Jasmine has a "healthy genetics", so it is able to easily adapt to any weather conditions.. Most often, bushes are planted near the house to decorate the building. Abundant flowering in spring will fill the home with a sweet, heady aroma.
The composition of the soil is also not critical. Closely located groundwater or excessively moist ground can become the only threat to rooting a seedling - precisely at the time of planting, since moisture is not a problem after rooting. This is dangerous because the roots in such soil can begin to rot. As a result, the growth of the shrub will slow down or completely stop, and the plant may die.
In order to drain the soil, it is necessary to prepare the "litter" of moisture-removing materials:
- gravel and / or rubble;
- expanded clay is the most convenient material, because with an excess of moisture it absorbs it, and with a deficit it “releases” it back into the soil;
- polystyrene, although the material is not considered highly effective, since it has a low density, the plant easily “passes” roots through it;
- broken tiles or bricks;
- charcoal - the plus of the material is that it is completely natural and can not only absorb excess moisture, but also fertilize the soil.
The height of this layer should be 20-25 cm
Before planting a plant, it is necessary to prepare a place for planting in advance:
- Clear the ground of weeds and dig the soil.
- In about 2-3 weeks, you can dig a hole (about 60 cm deep). This is done in advance, so that the soil sags well.
- It is necessary to enrich the soil mixture: to introduce complex fertilizers, organics (humus) or vermicompost. This procedure is not mandatory, however, if the earth is saturated with microelements, the rhizome will form faster and the plant will take root painlessly.
Caring for a planted jasmine shrub
After a properly planted plant, it is necessary to pay special attention to how to care for the plant, since competent watering, timely top dressing and pruning of branches is the key to plant health and longevity.
Watering is one of the most important care items for any plant.. Jasmine normally tolerates both wet and dry soil, but excessive drought adversely affects the bush. In a particularly hot, dry summer, water should be watered abundantly. On 1 m² of land you need at least 4 liters of water.
It is worth remembering that cold liquid can harm the root, the temperature of water for irrigation should be at least + 18 ° C. With a lack of moisture or with improper watering in general, the leaves begin to turn yellow, and flowering abruptly stops.
Any ornamental shrub needs regular pruning and jasmine is no exception.
Pruning this culture can be divided into two types:
- Sanitary pruning. Helps to stimulate the growth of healthy shoots, it is recommended to perform every year, cutting sick, damaged branches.
- Decorative - performed to form a crown. Carried out in the first year after planting to create a form, then - as necessary.
Did you know? From time immemorial before the wedding ceremony, in some Asian countries, the groom presents the bride with a bouquet of jasmine flowers. It symbolizes deep affection and is like an oath of eternal love.
After performing the above manipulations, it is advisable to apply a garden putty on the cut to close the "wound" and prevent the appearance of fungus.
To rejuvenate the bush, some gardeners once every 3 years carry out full pruning, leaving only 40-60 cm of shoots. This will not do any harm to the plant.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
In the year of planting, the ornamental plant does not require additional top dressing - fertilizers applied during planting will be quite enough, since the root should strengthen on its own, get used to the soil and harden.
The next spring (autumn), it is worth stocking up with special fertilizing. As a fertilizer, jasmine prefers organic and mineral preparations.: 20 g of urea and 35 g of superphosphate must be diluted in 11 l of water. This solution is enough for 2-3 bushes. Fertilize is necessary once a season. Also, as a good dressing, manure that is bred in water is suitable (1:12).
How to prepare a bush for winter
Jasmine is characterized by high winter hardiness, therefore, with a relatively warm winter, special preparatory manipulations are not necessary. However, at an average winter temperature below -15 ° C, it is worth preparing the plant for the cold season by covering. To do this, wrap the shoots with agrofibre or burlap. Also in the trunk circle you can put a layer of mulch from straw, peat or sawdust.
Prevention and treatment of diseases and pests
Timely preventive measures are the best way to protect the plant from subsequent insect infestations.
Despite the fact that jasmine has a fairly strong immunity, it can still be affected by pests such as:
- soft false shield;
- spider mite.
The most effective means of prevention are organic solutions - soap and wood ash. However, industrial chemical insecticides can also be used. For prevention, it is worth processing the entire bush (especially the leaves) in the first half of spring (early March - mid April).
If, despite the preventive measures taken, the plant is still struck by pests (this is commonly called the "disease" of the bush), it is easy to deal with them. To do this, fit:
- Concentrated soap solution (soap can only be used for household use).
- Garlic or pepper solutions. Pests do not tolerate spicy or pungent taste and aroma.
- Chemicals to combat harmful insects.
Important! Aphid itself cannot get on a tree; ants transport it. Therefore, in the territory and around the bushes it is necessary to destroy all clusters of ants. This will be the best prevention of plant infection.
What can be planted next to jasmine
Jasmine flowering is self-sufficient in itself, however, with the competent combination of this shrub with other plants, you can get luxurious compositions with long flowering. Fans of minimalism should combine jasmine with other green bushes.. This is done in order to emphasize the chic white inflorescences against the background of the surrounding "sea" of greenery. Also, this culture goes well with any kind of lilac, hydrangea and Weigela.
During flowering, especially in the evening (due to lower air temperature), the shrub along with a stupefying aroma exudes a huge amount of essential oils, which is very beneficial for the central nervous system. Residents of private houses note that after planting this particular plant under the windows, depression goes away, sleep improves and even pressure normalizes.
A few years later, when the bushes have already formed enough, it is time to think about the propagation of jasmine. There are several ways, and you need to consider each of them individually.
Did you know? There are about 200 types of jasmine. Most of them have a similar appearance and a characteristic bright aroma, but there is one kind of culture that stands out from all. This is Japanese jasmine. Its peculiarity is that it has almost no smell, and the petals acquire a narrow and pointed shape.
Cuttings are one of the most popular methods, since the percentage of germination after such propagation is quite large. Cutting cuttings is recommended in early June. After cutting, the stalk needs to be planted either immediately in the open ground, or additionally let it grow stronger in the greenhouse (depending on the region, for example, in the Moscow Region and its adjacent regions, you can immediately plant it in the garden).
Reproduction by layering (shoots) is usually carried out in the fall: from the main (mother) bush, some of the strongest shoots are separated and placed in a specially prepared hole or container. The shoots are left for the winter, and in early spring they are already ready for further transplantation to a permanent place in the open ground.
Root division is rarely used to plant jasmine. For this method, it is necessary to dig a mature bush and carefully separate the rhizome into several parts with a shovel, after which each daughter bush should be planted in prepared holes. Planting material planted in autumn usually takes root faster and better.
Propagation by seed is a fairly popular, however, time-consuming method. Seeds can be sprouted at home and planted on the windowsill as seedlings (the percentage of seedlings will be higher), or immediately put in open ground at the end of spring.
Video: Growing Jasmine from Seeds
So, jasmine is an extremely unpretentious plant, resistant to diseases and pests. Its main advantage is its unique ability to adapt to almost any growing conditions.With proper planting, proper care and timely prevention, the plant will repay not only abundant fragrant flowering, but will also become an exquisite decoration of a summer cottage.